Expanding on Fiona’s post about pigmented spots, melasma (aka chloasma) or the “mask of pregnancy” as it is also called, is a skin condition when tan or brown spots and small areas discolor the skin. It is most commonly found among woman, especially pregnant women or those taking hormone replacement therapy medications.

Pictures of Melasma | Video of Melasma

Generally the symptoms include dark patches and spots on the cheeks, nose, temples and forehead. “Melasma upper lip” is also very common. They may develop and worsen over time. Melasma is a purely cosmetic concern, though any unusual spotting should be diagnosed by a qualified dermatologist to determine if it is skin cancer.

What Causes Melasma?

Genetics, hormones such as estrogen and progesterone, and extrinsic factors such as sun exposure are thought to be the cause of Melasma. Hormones stimulate the production of melanocytes, the pigment-producing cells in our skin, as they become exposed by the sun. The increased melanin production causes the spotting we see with Melasma. Avoiding the sun is key and wearing sunscreen with both UVA and UVB protection will help protect the skin and diminish the factors contributing to a worsening of melasma.

Among a Few, Lasers are the Ideal Treatment Option for Melasma.

There are a number of treatments available for melasma. Some include:

  • Laser Treatment to remove the discoloration in the skin
  • Azelaic Acid
  • Tretinoin (not during pregnancy)
  • Topical Creams like Hydroquinone
  • Chemical Peels

Lasers are ideal for age spot removal. Because the melanin pigment is designed to absorb light, almost any color of laser light can be used to take away brown spots. There are a number of lasers which may be used for this. For example, the Q-switched lasers are very safe to treat the surface of the skin. Many doctors use the 532nm Nd:YAG laser, which is a green light laser, a 1064 Nd:YAG laser which is an invisible, infrared laser. You can use the 755nm Alexandrite Q-switched laser or the 694 Ruby Q-switched laser.

Laser resurfacing melasma is a relatively new but very effective treatment that can be done with ablative lasers, such as Erbium or Erbium fractionated lasers.

Your doctor will make the recommendation based on your skin type and his armamentarium.

Actifirm Post Laser Gel combines skin-soothers like Aloe and Chamomile with a Mushroom-derived, exfoliating enzyme, Mucor Miehi Extract, to inhibit pain and inflammation, while helping renew your skin to its freshest form. You’ll be looking your best in no time.

More skin care recommendations by LaserOffers.com